2011 Gruber Cosmology Prize Citation

The Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation proudly presents the 2011 Cosmology Prize to Marc Davis, George Efstathiou, Carlos Frenk and Simon White for their pioneering use of numerical simulations to model and interpret the large-scale distribution of matter in the Universe.

Cosmological simulations allow direct confrontation between observation and theory, and have transformed the way we conceive and visualize the growth of structure in the Universe.

The work of Professors Davis, Efstathiou, Frenk and White galvanized support for "cold dark matter" as the dominant form of matter in the Universe and has thus been instrumental in the crafting of our current cosmological paradigm.