Justice Carmen Argibay was imprisoned for nine months, without trial or charges, by the military dictatorship in Argentina in 1974. After democracy was restored, she resumed her duties as a Sentencing Judge and was subsequently appointed to the National Court of Criminal Appeals. In December 2000, she participated in the Tokyo Tribunal to adjudicate charges of sexual slavery and other war crimes allegedly committed by the Japanese military against women from Korea, the Philippines, and Japan. In 2002, Judge Argibay was appointed ad litem judge to the International Criminal Tribune for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). In July 2004, Argibay was the first woman nominated to the Supreme Court of Argentina. Justice Argibay’s career demonstrates a lifelong commitment to promoting gender equality and eliminating corruption within the justice system.