2005 Gruber Neuroscience Prize Citation

The 2005 Neuroscience Prize of the Peter Gruber Foundation is hereby proudly presented to Dr. Masakazu Konishi, California Institute of Technology, and Dr. Eric Knudsen, Stanford University, whose studies provided the keys for our understanding of the basis of sound localization and neural plasticity in the auditory system. The work is a paradigm for the precise organization of a sensory system and its ability to adapt to environmental experiences. Their work established the topographic map of auditory space in the midbrain of the barn owl and elucidated the mechanisms of plasticity that calibrate the auditory map with the neighboring map of the visual world. The elegance and high standard of their work, and their mentorship and care of their disciples have made Konishi and Knudsen models for scientists all over the world.